MANU NATIONAL PARK
The Manu National Park is one of the protected areas of the world that hosts a diversity of ecosystems ranging from grasslands over 4000 meters above sea level to tropical rainforests, through cloud forests and other montane forests. All this framed in an extensive hydrographic system, as research has been developing on different aspects of biological and cultural diversity, its connotation has also been growing, increasing in this way the interest of the Peruvian government and the international scientific community. The most relevant characteristics of the park are listed below.
a.- It is one of the most important mega diversity areas on the planet, it contains more than 3500 registered plant species of which 50% are not yet identified, its fauna is composed of at least 160 species of mammals, plus 1000 species of birds, around 140 species of amphibians, 50 species of snakes, 40 species of lizards, 6 feline species, 6 species of turtles, 4 of alligators and 210 of fish.
b.- In its category of National Park it is equivalent to category II of IUCN, it is the first in extension Peru, the fourth in South America and the tenth in the World.
c. – It has an enormous cultural wealth, presented by indigenous populations in different levels of contact with modern society, the populations inside the park are constituted by indigenous people, belonging to different ethnic groups, within these there are some populations that live in isolation voluntary. In addition there is a small group of Quechua settlers located in the Callanga sector south west of Parque; the park also has an archaeological historical heritage still to be studied.
d.- Since 1977 the Park and its contiguous areas have the status of a Biosphere Reserve, as declared by the UNESCO “Man and Biosphere” program.
f.- Since 1987, the Manu National Park has been a natural heritage site of Humanity, as UNESCO has declared it, due to its enormous value for the conservation of biological diversity and its multiple natural attractions.
g.- The tropical forests of the Park are considered as one of the least intervened by modern man in the world developing ecological and evolutionary processes with a minimum level of intervention.
Due to its extensive area, geographic location and the local orographic effects caused by the winds when hitting the high Andes mountains, the climatic conditions of the PNM are highly variable.
In general, the territory of the PNM is considered very rainy. 80% of the surface receives an average of 2500mm. Of precipitation, exceeding 3000mm. In the mountainous sectors; Minor rainfall occurs at the summits.
The thermal regime is also very variable. In the Amazon area, temperatures are warm, with an annual temperature of 25.6 ° C; In the Andean zone, temperatures are cold to semi-rigid, with an average annual temperature of 8.0 ° C. In the Amazonian plain, the “friajes” stand out, which occur between the months of May and July and which come from Antarctica.
The maximum temperature levels recorded are up to 30 ° C in the months of September, October and November and minimums up to 14 ° C, in the months of May, June and July. Exceptionally, temperatures have been recorded up to 10 ° C.